What Is Organic Farming Designed To Achieve?

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What is organic farming What are its benefits?

Compared with conventional agriculture, organic farming uses fewer pesticides, reduces soil erosion, decreases nitrate leaching into groundwater and surface water, and recycles animal wastes back into the farm. These benefits are counterbalanced by higher food costs for consumers and generally lower yields.

How is organic farming achieved?

The principal methods of organic farming include crop rotation, green manures and compost, biological pest control, and mechanical cultivation. Many of the methods developed for organic agriculture have been borrowed by more conventional agriculture.

What is the main goal of organic agriculture?

The primary goal of organic agriculture is to optimize the health and productivity of interdependent communities of soil life, plants, animals and people.” THE PRIMARY GOAL OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE IS TO OPTIMIZE THE HEALTH AND PRODUCTIVITY OF INTERDEPENDENT COMMUNITIES OF SOIL LIFE, PLANTS, ANIMALS AND PEOPLE.

What is organic farming explain its use?

Organic farming is a practice of the cultivation of crops and rearing of animals without the use of any synthetic farm inputs such as fertilizer and pesticides, but by the use of traditional inputs such as green manure, compost manure, crop rotation, and other cultural practices to eliminate pest and manage diseases (

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What are 3 benefits of organic farming over conventional farming?

Importance of Organic Agriculture Maintain and improve fertility, soil structure and biodiversity, and reduce erosion. Reduce the risks of human, animal, and environmental exposure to toxic materials. Fine-tune farming practices to meet local production conditions and satisfy local markets.

What is the advantages and disadvantages of organic farming?

Organic farming eliminates the use of synthetic products to maximize the yields that can be produced. It works on creating a healthier soil instead, encouraging the link between healthy plants and protected soils. No chemical herbicides or pesticides are used. Only natural soil enhancement techniques are permitted.

Who is father of organic farming?

The British botanist Sir Albert Howard is often referred to as the father of modern organic agriculture, because he was the first to apply modern scientific knowledge and methods to traditional agriculture.

Who invented organic farming?

It was Lord Northbourne (Walter James; 1896-1982) who gifted to the world the term ‘ organic farming ‘. His 1940 book Look to the Land is a manifesto of organic agriculture.

What are the problems of organic farming?

Major Problems and Constraints for Organic Farming in India

  • Lack of Awareness:
  • Output Marketing Problems:
  • Shortage of Bio-mass:
  • Inadequate Supporting Infrastructure:
  • High Input Costs:
  • Marketing Problems of Organic Inputs:
  • Low Yields:

Why do we need to focus on organic agriculture?

Organic agriculture is considered a viable option for sustainable agriculture in developing countries because it offers a unique combination of low external input technologies, environmental conservation, food security enhancement, climate change mitigation and adaptation capacities, and social, economic and health

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What are examples of organic farming?

Definition of organic farming

  • Unprocessed products: vegetables, cereals, fruits, cotton, flowers, animals, eggs or milk;
  • Processed products for human consumption: cheese, bread or instantaneous meals;
  • Food for animals like organic soy cakes;
  • Materials for vegetative reproduction and seeds.

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