Quick Answer: How Are The Andes Used For Farming?

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What crops are grown in the Andes?

Andean Agriculture, Peru Millennia of experience and selection have led to the domestication of a number of endemic species such as potatoes and quinoa. This knowledge includes three main agricultural systems, each one related to their respective altitude: maize crops (2800-3300 m.), potato crops (3,300-3800 m.)

How did farmers grow crops in the Andes?

They developed resilient breeds of crops such as potatoes, quinoa and corn. They built cisterns and irrigation canals that snaked and angled down and around the mountains. And they cut terraces into the hillsides, progressively steeper, from the valleys up the slopes.

Which of these is the common crop for the Andean region?

Quinoa is a staple food common in and indigenous to the Andes.

Why is farming a challenge in the Andes?

Life in the Andes was challenging in many ways. Agriculture in particular was extremely difficult. The steep slopes of the mountains limited the amount of fertile land that could be used for farming. Without the terraces, the mountainous landscape would have been too steep for farmers to water, plow, and harvest.

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Why do people go to Andes?

“Easy” mountains to climb Not only does Peru provide easy access to mountains, great weather, and great people, but the variety of mountains to climb in unsurpassed. In terms of high altitude mountaineering, the Cordillera Blanca provides some easy starter peaks if you’re just getting into the sport.

Which Native American tribe is known for using terrace farming?

In this country’s Andes highands, terrace farming has mainly been practiced by the Atacameño and Quechua indigenous peoples, who have inhabited the Atacama desert in the north for around 9,000 years.

Why do farmers cut terraces in the land?

Graduated terrace steps are commonly used to farm on hilly or mountainous terrain. Terraced fields decrease both erosion and surface runoff, and may be used to support growing crops that require irrigation, such as rice.

Is terrace farming still used today?

Today, modern farmers are returning to the terrace farming practices used thousands of years ago as a more practical and productive way to raise the most food with the least water. Tea farmers also take advantage of terrace farming.

Why are the farmers in the Andes able to grow such a wide variety of crops?

Within the Andean region, the Ox Area unit typically traverses less environmental niches and is thus better suited for monoculture production as opposed to polyculture. Thus, due to the Green Revolution, the Andean region saw a decreased in cultivated hill fields and an expansion of Ox Area units.

How do the Andes affect humans?

Scarce oxygen, cold temperatures, and intense ultraviolet radiation make the Andes a tough place to live. How did humans adapt to such heights? A new study of ancient and modern DNA suggests in some South American highlanders, the answer includes changes to their heart muscles.

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How are humans affecting the Andes Mountains?

Population pressure and migration are deforestation drivers caused by the increasing need for new and greater areas for agricultural production and an increasing demand for food, water and energy by large populations in distant urban centers as well as in Amazonian communities.

How cold is the Andes Mountains?

In winter the temperatures usually averages about less than 52°F. In the summer it usually averages 68°F. These temperatures are mainly from biomes around and in the Andes Mountains. The precipitation of the Andes Mountain climate changes but not drastically between two places.

What is called terrace farming?

Terrace cultivation, method of growing crops on sides of hills or mountains by planting on graduated terraces built into the slope. Though labour-intensive, the method has been employed effectively to maximize arable land area in variable terrains and to reduce soil erosion and water loss.

What animals can be found in the Andes?

Here are just some of the amazing wildlife that thrives in the Andes:

  • The Andean Condor. Few animals are as iconic, in the high Andes, as the spellbinding condor.
  • The Llama.
  • The Alpaca.
  • The Guanaco.
  • The Vicuña.
  • The Viscacha.
  • The Andean (Spectacled) Bear.
  • The Mountain Tapir.

Did the Aztecs use terrace farming?

To use the hilly land for farming, the Aztecs terraced the hills by cutting into them. Terraced, irrigated fields added another layer of farmland for the hungry Aztecs. To bring water to these fields, Aztecs farmers dug irrigation canals in the soil.

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