- 1 What are the advantages of Taungya system?
- 2 Where is Taungya farming?
- 3 What are the types of Taungya system?
- 4 Who introduced Taungya system in India?
- 5 Who is the father of agroforestry?
- 6 What is Agrisilviculture?
- 7 What is a plantation farmer?
- 8 What is Taungya?
- 9 What is an even aged stand?
- 10 What is a Silvopastoral system?
- 11 How many types of thinning are there?
- 12 What Is alley crop?
- 13 What is the other name of Jhumming?
- 14 Who started shifting cultivation?
- 15 What are productive forests?
What are the advantages of Taungya system?
The advantages of the taungya system is that the forester may be able to raise a tree crop at a lower cost, and at the same time increase food production. The farmer always has the advantage of being able to use land which has been kept fertile under a forest cover.
Where is Taungya farming?
Taungya is Burmas ward meaning hill cultivation, it was introduced into-India by Dr. Brandis in 1890 and the first Taungya plantation was raised in 1896 in north Bengal. It is practiced in Kerala, West Bangal, U.P., and to lesser extent in Tamil Nadu, A. P. Orissa and the north eastern hill regions.
What are the types of Taungya system?
Types of Taungya: i. Departmental Taungya: Under this, agricultural crops and plantation are raised by the forest department by employing a number of labourers on daily wages. Usually each family has about 0.8 to 1.7 ha of land to raise trees and cultivate crops for 3 to 4 years.
Who introduced Taungya system in India?
The taungya (taung = hill, ya = cultivation) is a Burmese word coined in Burma in 1850s. The taungya system was introduced into India by Brandis in 1890 and the first taungya plantations were raised in 1896 in North Bengal.
Who is the father of agroforestry?
Agroforestry was formally outlined in the early 20th century by American economic geographer J. Russell Smith in his book Tree Crops: A Permanent Agriculture (1929).
What is Agrisilviculture?
Agri-silviculture is a production technique which combines the growing of agricultural crops with simultaneously raised and protected forest crops. A similar practice involving forest villagers and tribesmen is known as the “taungya system” in Asia.
What is a plantation farmer?
Plantation farming was a system of agriculture in which large farms in the American colonies used the forced labor of slaves to plant and harvest cotton, rice, sugar, tobacco and other farm produce for trade and export.
What is Taungya?
Taungya is a system of forest management in which land is cleared and. planted initially to food crops. Seedlings of a desirable timber species are then planted on the same plot of land, either in combination with the food crops, or following several years of cultivation.
What is an even aged stand?
A Growth of Even – Aged Stands. Even – aged stands are ones where the range of tree ages within a stand do not vary by more than 20% or so. Plantation forests are the best example of even – aged stands, as often they are created using seedlings or clones from a common set of parents.
What is a Silvopastoral system?
Silvopastoral systems are a deliberate combination of trees, pastures, and livestock (12). This combination allows a mixture of different quantities of these three components depending on the features of the ecosystem to be managed. Most of this deforested land is used in extensive livestock production systems (6).
How many types of thinning are there?
Consider three types of classic thinning: low, crown, and selection thinning (Fig.
What Is alley crop?
Alley cropping is a specific practice in which trees or shrubs and agricultural crops are grown in alternate rows (Figure 11.31). The trees are commonly pruned to limit the shading of the agricultural crop. Alley cropping can also contribute to nutrient cycling and erosion control.
What is the other name of Jhumming?
⏩ Answer: Jhumming is called in North-Eastern states of India and in other parts of India it is also known as ‘Shifting Cultivation’ and ‘Slash and Burn Agriculture’. It is known as ‘Roca’ in Brazil, ‘Ladang’ in Malaysia and Indonesia and ‘Milpa’ in Mexico.
Who started shifting cultivation?
As early as 1930 questions about relationships between the rise and fall of the Mayan civilization of the Yucatán Peninsula and shifting cultivation were raised and continue to be debated today. Archaeological evidence suggests the development of Mayan society and economy began around 250 AD.
What are productive forests?
Productive forest land is land that is suitable for forestry and that is not significantly used for other purposes. Production is at least 1 m³sk per hectare and year. Data presented here are all productive forest land including or outside formally protected areas.