Often asked: How Has The Indira Gandhi Canal Revolutionised Farming?


How did the Indira Gandhi Canal Revolutionised farming?

Irrigation in parts of the Thar Desert has revolutionised farming in the area. The main form of irrigation in the desert is the Indira Gandhi (Rajasthan) Canal. Commercial farming in the form of crops such as wheat and cotton now flourishes in an area that used to be scrub desert.

How has the Indira Gandhi Canal helped the farmers of Rajasthan?

The canal was named to honor Smt. Indira Gandhi after her assassination in 1985. This canal water has solved drinking water scarcity as well as agricultural activities through a big area of Rajasthan. This canal is also helping to recover of cultivation land from desert areas.

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How has the Indira Gandhi Canal changed the face of the desert?

The Indira Gandhi Canal seems to be changing the face of Rajasthan’s deserts. Launched a few years ago, the canal has transformed the barren deserts of Jaisalmer district into rich and lush fields. Besides providing water for the crops, the canal would supply drinking water to hundreds of people in the far-flung areas.

How has the Indira Gandhi Canal?

The canal traverses seven districts of Rajasthan: Barmer, Bikaner, Churu, Hanumangarh, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, and Sriganganagar. The main canal is 445 km long which is 1458 RD (RD represents reduced distance).

Indira Gandhi canal
Date completed Last portion of canal constructed till 2010

Why is the Thar desert a difficult place to live?

Extreme temperatures – temperatures in the Thar Desert can exceed 50°C in the summer months. It is hard for people to farm, work in mines or as tourist guides during these months as it is simply too hot. This makes development difficult.

Why does the Thar desert exist?

But catastrophe struck around 100,000 years ago when rainfall declined sharply and the already sluggish river system began shifting westward. Strong winds lifted sand and silt particles from alluvial sediments and deposited them in the region, and the true desert began to form.

What are the positive and negative effects of Indira Gandhi Canal?

The introduction of irrigation through Indira Gandhi Canal in sandy, barren and hot climatic land has caused if tremendous positive impact within a short duration, on the other hand it has led to adverse impact in the form of water logging, soil salinity, raising of ground water level, siltation of canal by sand.

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What are the disadvantages of Indira Gandhi Canal?

But the downside is the resultant waterlogging, soil salinity and the spread of malaria. The 650-km sprawl of the Indira Gandhi canal has transformed large parts of Rajasthan’s arid wastes into lush farmlands. But the downside is the resultant waterlogging, soil salinity and the spread of malaria.

Which state is the most benefited from Indira Gandhi Canal?

The Indira Gandhi Canal Project primarily benefits the state of Rajasthan in northwestern India.

What is the longest canal in the world?

The Grand Canal of China: the world’s longest man-made waterway. The Grand Canal is a series of waterways in eastern and northern China starting at Beijing and ending at the city of Hangzhou in Zhejiang province, linking the Yellow River with the Yangtze River.

What is the name of the largest irrigation canal in the world?

The Indira Gandhi Canal is the longest canal in India and the largest irrigation project in the world.

How much did it cost to build the Indira Gandhi Canal?

The total cost of the Project is estimated to be USD 495 million. The NDB will finance the Project with a long term loan of USD 345 million, accounting for 70% of the total cost.

What is the old name of Indira Gandhi Canal?

Gandhi Canal (formerly called the Rajasthan Canal ), which carries water some 400 miles (640 km) from the Beas and Sutlej rivers in Punjab.

What is the purpose of Indira Gandhi Canal?

Summary: Indira Gandhi Canal Overview: The Indira Gandhi Canal was primarily designed to support irrigation in the Thar Desert region of the state of Rajasthan in western India. Originally called the Rajasthan Canal, the project was renamed in 1984 in honor of the former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.

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What are the features of Indira Gandhi Canal command area?

  • Area to be irrigated annually- 29 Lakh acres.
  • Length of main canal – 445 Kms.
  • Length of branches- 832 Kms.
  • Depth of water- 6.25 m.
  • Bed width lined canal – 38 m.
  • Discharge at head- 18500 cusses.
  • Length of distributaries and minors- 547 Kms.

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